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David and other leaders give gold and other valuables for the Temple, then David names Solomon as king (again); Adonijah’s attempt to claim the throne for himself fails, despite having the support of almost everyone in Israel: 1 Chronicles 29; 1 Kings 1

Was David’s court happy with his choice of Solomon as the next king? Solomon’s older brother, Adonijah, certainly wasn’t, and he managed to carry the support of almost all of David’s military leaders, his sons (other than Solomon), the Levite hierarchy and all the royal officials except for a handful.

1 Kings 1:5-7 About that time David’s son Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith, began boasting, ‘I will make myself king.’ …. Adonijah took Joab son of Zeruiah and Abiathar the priest into his confidence, and they agreed to help him become king.

Joab was the general of David’s army. He was as close to being on an equal footing with the king as anyone could be, daring even to contradict the king when necessary. We don’t know why Joab decided to support Adonijah. Perhaps he was a more obvious choice than Solomon:  Adonijah was older and more experienced, ‘very handsome’, a strategic thinker (trying to make his kingship a fait accompli), and it was possibly thought of as his birthright as the oldest surviving son after Absalom.

From what happened next, I suspect that Adonijah didn’t have the popular support of the people. Unlike his brother Absalom,  Adonijah hadn’t spent four years laying the groundwork to manipulate the people into wanting him as king. The result was that Adonijah’s support evaporated as soon as David had Solomon crowned as king. Adonijah’s supporters fled the banquet as soon as they heard of the coronation, and Adonijah was reduced from being a self-proclaimed king to begging for mercy from King Solomon.

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